Portugal, Porto and above all the Douro Valley are world famous for their predominantly red port wine. The white port wine is rarer.
Port wine was named after the city of Porto, through which the port wine ships pass. The history of wine-growing in the Douro Valley goes back to the 13th century and in the broadest sense to the ancient Romans.
The name "Porto" was first documented around 1680, when priests created the first edible port wine. A neutral alcohol was added to the wine during fermentation, thus stopping fermentation and preserving a certain residual sugar content.
Meanwhile, more than 80 grape varieties are permitted for port wine production. Only after two years is port wine tasted for the very first time and a decision made on the further maturing process.
A distinction is made between different red port styles such as Ruby (bottle matured port wine) and Tawny Stil (barrel matured port wine).
For white port, the categories are very sweet, sweet, semi-dry, dry and very dry.
*regular prices = former selling prices